Dagdas YF, Belhaj K, Maqbool A, Chaparro-Garcia A, Pandey P, Petre B, Tabassum N, Cruz-Mireles N, Hughes RK, Sklenar J, Win J, Menke F, Findlay K, Banfield MJ, Kamoun S, Bozkurt TO (2016) A effector protein of the Irish potato famine pathogen antagonizes a host autophagy cargo receptor. eLife. 5:10856



Giannakopoulou A, Steele JFC, Segretin ME, Bozkurt TO, Zhou J, Robatzek S, Banfield MJ, Pais M & Kamoun S (2015) Tomato I2 immune receptor can be engineered to confer partial resistance to the oomycete Phytophthora infestans in addition to the fungus Fusarium oxysporum. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions. 12:1316-29.

Maqbool A, Saitoh H, Franceschetti M, Stevenson CEM, Uemura A, Kanzaki H, Kamoun S, Terauchi R & Banfield MJ* (2015) Structural basis of pathogen recognition by an integrated HMA domain in a plant NLR immune receptor. eLife. 4:e08709.

Walden M#, Edwards JM, Dziewulska AM, Bergmann R, Saalbach G, Kan S-Y, Millar OK, Weckener M, Jackson RJ, Shirran SL, Botting CH, Florence GJ, Rohde M, Banfield MJ* & Schwarz-Linek U (2015) An internal thioester bond in a pathogen surface protein mediates covalent binding. eLife. 4:e06638.

#First author is from my Laboratory.

Wu C-H, Krasileva KV, Banfield MJ, Terauchi R & Kamoun S (2015) The "sensor domains" of plant NLR proteins: more than decoys? Frontiers in Plant Science. 6:134.

Banfield MJ* (2015) Perturbation of host ubiquitin systems by plant pathogen/pest effector proteins. Cellular Microbiology. 17:18-25.

Wirthmuller L, Roth C, Fabro G, Caillaud, M-C, Asai S, Rallapalli, G, Sklenar J, Jones, AM, Wiermer, M, Jones JD & Banfield MJ* (2015) Probing formation of cargo/importin- transport complexes in plant cells using a pathogen effector. The Plant Journal. 81: 40-52.



Segretin M, Pais M, Franceschetti M, Banfield MJ & Kamoun S (2014) Single amino acid mutations in the potato immune receptor R3a expand response to Phytophthora effectors. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions. 27: 624-37.

King SR, McLellan H, Boevink PC, Armstrong MR, Bukharova T, Sukarta O, Win J, Kamoun S, Birch PR & Banfield MJ* (2014) Phytophthora infestans RXLR effector PexRD2 interacts with host MAPKKK to suppress plant immune signalling. The Plant Cell. 26: 1345-59.

Hughes RK & Banfield MJ* (2014) Production of RXLR effector proteins for structural analysis by X-ray crystallography. Methods in Molecular Biology: Plant-pathogen Interactions. 1127: 231-253.

Dong S, Stam R, Cano LM, Song J, Sklenar J, Yoshida K, Bozkurt TO, Oliva R, Liu Z, Tian M, Win J, Banfield MJ, Jones AME, van der Hoorn RAL & Kamoun S (2014) Effector specialization in a lineage of the Irish potato famine pathogen. Science. 343: 552-5.

Schwarz-Linek U, Banfield MJ* (2014) Yet more intramolecular cross-links in Gram-positive surface proteins. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA). 111: 1229-30.

Walden M, Crow A, Nelson MD & Banfield MJ* (2014) Intramolecular isopeptide but not internal thioester bonds confer proteolytic and significant thermal stability to the S. pyogenes pilus adhesin Spy0125. Proteins: Structure, Function & Bioinformatics. 82: 517-527.


Wirthmueller L, Maqbool A & Banfield MJ* (2013) At the Frontline: Molecular Plant-pathogen interactions in 3D. Nature Reviews Microbiology. 11: 761-776.

Washington E, Banfield MJ & Dangl J (2013) What a difference a dalton makes: Bacterial Virulence Factors Modulate Eukaryotic Host Cell Signaling Systems via Deamidation. Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews. 77: 527-539.

Pais M, Win J, Yoshida K, Hetherington GJ, Cano LM, Raffaele S, Banfield MJ, Jones A, Kamoun S & Saunders DGO (2013) From pathogen genomes to host cell processes: the power of plant parasitic oomycetes. Genome Biology. 14: 211.

Banfield MJ & Kamoun S (2013) Hooked and cooked: a fish killer genome exposed. PLoS Genetics. 9: e1003590. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1003590.

Wirthmueller L, Roth C, Banfield MJ & Wiermer M (2013) Hop on hop-off: guided tours to the nucleus in plant-microbe interactions. Frontiers in Plant Science. 4: 149 (doi: 10.3389/fpls.2013.00149).


Sohn K, Hughes RK#, Piquerez SJ, Jones JD & Banfield MJ* (2012) Distinct regions of the Pseudomonas syringae coiled-coil effector AvrRps4 are required for activation of immunity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA). 109: 16371-16376.

#Joint first author is from my Laboratory.

Wirthmueller L & Banfield MJ* (2012) mADP-RTs: Versatile virulence factors from bacterial pathogens of plants and animals. Frontiers in Plant Science. 3: 142 (doi/10.3389/fpls.2012.00142).

Crow A, Hughes RK, Taieb F, Oswald E & Banfield MJ* (2012) The molecular basis of ubiquitin-like protein Nedd8 deamidation by the bacterial effector protein Cif. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA). 109: E1830-1838.

Giacomelli L, Nanni V, Lenzi L, Zhuang J, Dalla Serra M, Banfield MJ, Town C, Silverstein K, Baraldi E & Moser C (2012) Identification and characterization of the defensin-like gene family of grapevine. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions. 25: 1118-1131.

Bozkurt TO, Schornack S, Banfield MJ & Kamoun S (2012) Oomycetes, effectors, and all that jazz. Current Opinion in Plant Biology. 15: 483-92.

Win J, Krasileva KV, Kamoun S, Shirasu K, Staskawicz BJ & Banfield MJ* (2012) Sequence divergent RXLR effectors share a structural fold conserved across plant pathogenic oomycete species. PLoS Pathogens. 8: e1002400.


Wirthmueller L, Jones JD & Banfield MJ* (2011) Crystallization and preliminary X-ray analysis of the RXLR-type effector RXLR3 from the oomycete pathogen Hyaloperonospora arabidopsidis. Acta Crystallogr. F67: 1417-1420.

Boutemy LS, King SR, Win J, Hughes RK, Clarke TA, Blumenschein TM, Kamoun S, Banfield MJ* (2011) Structure of Phytophthora RXLR effector proteins: a conserved but adaptable fold underpins functional diversity. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 286: 35834-42.

Li C, Sato K, Monari S, Salard I, Sola M, Banfield MJ & Dennison C (2011) Metal-binding loop length is a determinant of the pKa of a histidine ligand at a type-1 copper site. Inorganic Chemistry. 50: 482-88.


Pointon JA, Smith WD, Saalbach G, Crow A, Kehoe MA & Banfield MJ* (2010) A highly unusual thioester bond in a bacterial adhesin is required for efficient host cell interaction. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 285: 33858-66.

Badarau A, Firbank SJ, McCarthy AA, Banfield MJ & Dennison C (2010) Visualising the metal-binding versatility of copper trafficking sites. Biochemistry. 49: 7798-810.

Smith WD, Pointon JA, Abbott EL, Kang HJ, Baker EN, Hirst BH, Wilson JA, Banfield MJ & Kehoe MA (2010) Roles of minor pilin subunits Spy0125 and Spy0130 in the M1 Streptococcus pyogenes strain SF370. Journal of Bacteriology. 192: 4651-9.

Oliva R, Win J, Raffaele S, Boutemy L, Bozkurt TO, Chaparro-Garcia A, Segretin ME, Stam R, Schornack S, Cano LM, van Damme M, Huitema E, Thines M, Banfield MJ, Kamoun S (2010) Filamentous plant pathogen effectors: From sequence to function. Cellular Microbiology. 12: 705-15.

Solovyova AS, Pointon JA, Race PR, Smith WD, Kehoe MA & Banfield MJ (2010) Solution structure of the major (Spy0128) and minor (Spy0125 and Spy0130) pili subunits from Streptococcus pyogenes. European Biophysical Journal. 39: 469-80.


Crow A, Race PR, Jubelin G, Varela-Chavez C, Escoubas J-M, Oswald E & Banfield MJ* (2009) Crystal structures of Cif from bacterial pathogens Photorhabdus luminescens and Burkholderia pseudomallei. PLoS-ONE 4: e5582.

Jubelin G, Varela–Chavez C, Taieb F, Banfield MJ, Samba-Louaka A, Nobe R, Nougayrède J-P, Zumbhil R, Givaudan A, Escoubas J-M & Oswald E (2009) Cycle Inhibiting Factors (CIFs) are a growing family of functional cyclomodulins present in invertebrate and mammal pathogens. PLoS-ONE 4: e4855.

Sato K, Li C, Salard I, Thompson AJ, Banfield MJ & Dennison C (2009) Metal-binding loop length and not sequence dictates structure. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA). 106: 5616-21.

Race PR, Bentley ML, Melvin JA, Crow A, Hughes RK, Smith WD, Sessions RB, Kehoe MK, McCafferty DG & Banfield MJ* (2009) Crystal structure of S. pyogenes sortase A: Implications for sortase mechanism. Journal of Biologicial Chemistry. 284: 6924-33.


Yanagisawa S, Crowley PB, Firbank SJ, Lawler AT, Hunter DM, McFarlane W, Li C, Kohzuma T, Banfield MJ & Dennison C (2008) Interaction tuning of the active site properties of metalloproteins. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 130:15420-28.

Tottey S, Waldron KJ, Firbank SJ, Reale B, Bessant C, Sato K, Cheek TR, Gray J, Banfield MJ, Dennison C & Robinson NJ (2008) Protein-folding location can regulate manganese versus copper- or zinc-binding. Nature. 455:1138-42.

Crowley PB, Matias PM, Mi H, Firbank S, Banfield MJ & Dennison C (2008) Regulation of protein function: Crystal packing interfaces and conformational dimerization. Biochemistry. 47:6583-89.

Rath O, Park S, Tang HH, Banfield MJ, Brady RL, Lee YC, Dignam JD, Sedivy JM, Kolch W & Yeung KC (2008) The RKIP (Raf-1 Kinase Inhibitor Protein) conserved pocket binds to the phophorylated N-region of Raf-1 and inhibits the Raf-1 mediated activated phosphorylation of MEK. Cell Signalling. 20: 935-41.

Sato K, Firbank SJ, Li C, Banfield MJ & Dennison C (2008) Assessing the Importance of the Long Type 1 Copper-Binding Loop of Nitrite Reductase for Structure and Function. Chemistry – A European Journal. 14: 5820-28.

Badarau A, Firbank SJ, Waldron KJ, Robinson NJ, Yanagisawa S, Banfield MJ & Dennison C (2008) Iron uptake and structure of FutA2: A frerric binding protein from Synechocytis PCC 6803. Journal of Biologicial Chemistry. 283: 12520-27.


Race PR, Solovyova AS & Banfield MJ* (2007) Probing the effects of serine phosphorylation at residues 434 and 463 on the solution structure of EPEC Tir. Biophysical Journal. 93: 586-96.

Li C, Banfield MJ & Dennison C (2007) Engineering copper sites in proteins: Loops confer native structures and properties to chimeric cupredoxins. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 129: 709-18.


Yanagisawa S, Banfield MJ & Dennison C (2006) The Role of Hydrogen Bonding at the Active Site of a Cupredoxin: The Phe114Pro Azurin Variant. Biochemistry. 45: 8812-22.

Lott JS, Paget B, Johnston JM, Delbaere LTJ, Sigrell-Simon JA, Banfield MJ, & Baker EN (2006) The structure of an ancient conserved domain establishes a structural basis for stable histidine phosphorylation and identifies a new family of adenosine-specific kinases. Journal of Biologicial Chemistry. 281: 22131-41.

Li C, Yanagisawa S, Martins B, Messerschmidt A, Banfield MJ & Dennison C (2006) Basic Requirements for a Metal Binding Site in a Protein: The Influence of Loop Shortening on the Cupredoxin Azurin. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA). 103: 7258-63.

Race PR, Lakey JH & Banfield MJ* (2006) Insertion of the EPEC Tir virulence protein into membranes in vitro. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 281: 7842-49.

Ahn JH, Miller D, Winter VJ, Banfield MJ, Lee JH, Yoo SY, Henz SR, Brady RL & Weigel D (2006) A divergent external loop confers antagonistic activity on floral regulators FT and TFL1. EMBO Journal. 25: 605-14.


Openshaw AEA, Race PR, Monzo HJ, Vazquez-Boland JA & Banfield MJ* (2005) The crystal structure of SmcL, a bacterial neutral sphingomyelinase from Listeria. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 280: 35011-17.


Vega Y, Rauch M, Banfield MJ, Ermolaeva S, Scortti M, Goebel W & Vazquez-Boland JA (2004) Isolation of new Listeria monocytogenes prfA* mutants, transcriptional properties of PrfA* proteins and structure-function of the virulence regulator PrfA. Molecular Microbiology. 52: 1553-65.



Lott JS, Banfield MJ, Sigrell J, Baker EN (2003) Making the most of two crystals: structural analysis of a conserved hypothetical protein using native gel screening and SAD phasing. Acta Crystallographica D59: 2242-46.

Foucher F, Morin J, Courtiade J, Cadioux S, Ellis N, Banfield MJ & Rameau C (2003) DETERMINATE and LATE FLOWERING are two TERMINAL FLOWER1/CENTRORADIALIS homologs that control two distinct phases of flowering initiation and development in Pea. The Plant Cell 15: 2742-54.

Hawrani A, Dempsey CE, Banfield MJ, Scott D, Clarke AR & Kenny B (2003) Effect of Protein Kinase-A mediated phosphorylation on the structure and association properties of the enteropathogenic Escherichia coli Tir virulence protein. Journal of Biological Chemistry 278: 25839-46.


Simister PC, Banfield MJ & Brady RL (2002) The crystal structure of murine PEBP-2, a homologue of PEBP/RKIP family. Acta Crystallographica D58: 1077-80.


Banfield MJ, Naylor RL, Robertson AGS, Allen SJ, Dawbarn D & Brady RL (2001) Specificity in Neurotrophin:Trk-receptor interaction: the crystal structure of TrkB-d5 in complex with neurotrophin-4/5. Structure 9: 1191-96.

Banfield MJ, Lott JS, McCarthy AA, Arcus VL & Baker EN (2001) Crystal structure of HisF, a histidine biosynthetic protein from Pyrobaculum aerophilum. Acta Crystallographica D57: 1518-25.

Robertson AGS, Banfield MJ, Allen SJ, Dando JA, Mason GGF, Tyler SJ, Bennett GS, Brain SD, Clarke AR, Naylor RL, Wilcock GK, Brady RL & Dawbarn D (2001) Identification and structure of the nerve growth factor binding site on TrkA. Biochem. And Biophys. Research Comms. 282: 131-41.

Banfield MJ, Salvucci ME, Baker EN & Smith CA (2001) Crystal structure of the NADP(H)-dependent Ketose Reductase from Bemisia argentifolli at 2.3 Å resolution. Journal of Molecular Biology 306: 239-50.


Powell AJ, Read JA, Banfield MJ, Gunn-Moore F, Yan SD, Lustbader J, Stern AR, Stern DM & Brady RL (2000) Recognition of structurally diverse substrates by type-II 3-hydroxyacyl-coA dehydrogenase (HADH II)/Amyloid- binding alcohol dehydrogenase. Journal of Molecular Biology 303: 311-27.

Banfield MJ & Brady RL (2000) The structure of Antirrhinum Centroradialis protein (CEN) suggests a role as a kinase regulator. Journal of Molecular Biology 297: 1159-70.


Banfield MJ*, Barker JJ, Perry ACF & Brady RL (1998) Function from structure? The crystal structure of human phosphatidylethanolamine binding protein suggests a role in membrane signal transduction. Structure 6: 1245-54.


Banfield MJ, King DJ, Mountain A & Brady RL (1997) VL:VH domain rotations in engineered antibodies: Crystal structures of the Fab fragments from two murine anti-tumour antibodies and their engineered human constructs. PROTEINS: Structure, Function and Genetics 29: 161-71.


Dunn CR, Banfield MJ, Barker JJ, Higham CW, Moreton K, Turgut-Balik D, Brady RL & Holbrook JJ (1996) The structure of lactate dehydrogenase from Plasmodium falciparum reveals a new target for anti-malarial design. Nature Structural Biology 4: 912-15.

Banfield MJ, King DJ, Mountain A & Brady RL (1996) Structure of the Fab fragment of a monoclonal antibody specific for Carcinoembryonic Antigen. Acta Crystallographica D52: 1107-13.


Hempstead PD, Hudson AJ, Artymiuk PJ, Andrews SC, Banfield MJ, Guest JR & Harrison PM (1994) Direct observation of the iron binding sites in a Ferritin. FEBS Letters 350: 258-62.